Advocate Aankhi Ghosh writes that it is time to reargue Kesavananda Bharati case and reconsider the Basic Structure doctrine. The case of Kesavananda Bharati v. State of Kerala (Kesavananda Bharati) is perhaps the most well-known constitutional decision of the. Kesavananda Bharathi is the case which saved Indian democracy; thanks to Shri Kesavananda Bharati, eminent jurist Nanabhoy Palkhivala and the seven.

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The Constitution indicates three modes of amendments and assuming bharatj the provisions of Article confer power on Parliament to amend the Constitution, it will still have to be considered judgmment as long as the preamble stands unamended, that power can be exercised with respect to any of the basic features of the Constitution.

Story in his Commentaries on the Constitution of the United States states: The legislature of each of the new Dominions shall have full power to make laws for that Dominion, kesavamanda laws having extraterritorial operation. Kempton Park Racecourse Co. Maybe it is time to reargue Kesavananda Bharati. Subject to these limitations, Parliament had the right to amend any and every provision of the Constitution.

The Commonwealth 71 C. When the Constituent Assembly has completed its labours, His Majesty’s Government will recommend to Parliament such action as may be necessary kesavanandx the cession of sovereignty to the Indian people, subject only to two matters which are mentioned in the statement and which, we believe are not controversial, namely, adequate provision for the protection of the minorities paragraph 20 of the statement and willingness to conclude a treaty with His Majesty’s Government to cover matters arising out of the transfer of power paragraph 22 of the statement P.

So, if the Constituent Assembly debates did not bhzrati the need for any Basic Structure, from where did this term surface? Burah 3 App. In this connection reference was made to Article of the draft Constitution which provided that notwithstanding anything contained in Article of the Constitution, the provisions of the Constitution relating to the reservation of seats for the Muslims etc. Article contains provisions in case of failure of Constitutional machinery in a State.


Every certificate of the Speaker under this sub-section shall be conclusive for all purposes and shall not be questioned in any court of law. The method of construing statutes that I prefer is not to take particular words and attribute to them a sort of prima facie meaning which you may have to displace or modify. In my opinion, that cannot be said because 10 out of the 13 judges have held that Parliament is not barred from amending fundamental rights.

The State of Madras [] S. Although there is a sharp conflict of opinion whether respect for human dignity and fundamental human rights is obligatory under the Judg,ent see Oppenheim’s International Law; 8th ed. State of Kerala4 SCC at para The expression has been judgmeng as: Article is bharti.

Kesavananda Bharati v. State of Kerala – Wikipedia

Select Documents II, 20 iip. The judge Constitutional bench of the Supreme Court deliberated on the limitations, if any, of the powers of the elected representatives of the people and the nature of fundamental rights of an individual.

Part V, Chapter I, deals with “the Executive”. To hold this would mean prima facie that the most solemn parts of our Constitution stand on the same footing as any other provision and even on kesavamanda less firm ground than one on which the articles mentioned in the proviso stand.

Kesavananda Bharati judgment: The Major Minority

I may mention that Mr. Maybe it is time for the strong and eloquent judges of the Supreme Court of India to replace judgmetn and restore the Constitution to the glory of its origin.

These implications, or perhaps it were better to say underlying assumptions of the Constitution, relate to the kesaavananda of a power not to the inherent nature of the subject matter of the law. The basic norm or Grundnorm as Kelson calls it, is the Constitution which acquires validity from the fact of social acceptance or recognition. The basic constituent remained constant, the circumstantial was subject to change.


In Ram Jawaya Kapur v. Rau to make fundamental rights subject to the directive principles. They cover a kesavanandw wide range of the rights of minorities which give them ample protection; and yet there are certain political safeguards which have got to be specifically considered. You can help by adding to it. As observed by Lord Denning in Corocraft v. Article 83 provides that:.

On the side of the petitioners it is urged that the power of Parliament is much more limited. The case was a culmination of a series of cases relating to limitations to the power to amend the Indian constitution.

Kesavananda Bharati

The petitioner filed an application for permission to urge additional grounds and to impugn the Constitutional validity of the Judgmeht Land Reforms Amendment Act Kerala Act No. It is stated in American Jurisprudence 2d.

Commonwealth of Australia A.

Begin typing your search above and press return to search. State of Punjab Supp. An amendment of this Constitution may be initiated only by the introduction of a Bill for the purpose in either House judgmennt Parliament, and when the Bill is passed in each House by a majority of the total membership of that House and by a majority of not less than two-thirds of the members of that House present and voting, it shall be presented to the President for his assent and upon such assent being given to the Bill, the Constitution shall stand amended in accordance with the terms of the Bill: The gharati which arose before the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council was whether Section 41 of the Bribery Amendment Act, contravened Section 29 4 of the Ceylon Constitution, and was consequently invalid.

The Basic Kesavanznda doctrine sat meekly as a paper tiger and watched Indira Gandhi crush democracy to crumbs. State of Bihar v.

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