Echinochloa is a very widespread genus of plants in the grass family. Some of the species are Nakai – Pseudechinolaena polystachya; Echinochloa elephantipes – Panicum elephantipes; Echinochloa eruciformis – Brachiaria. Echinochloa polystachya (Kunth) Hitchc. Show All Show Tabs creeping river grass. Image of Echinochloa polystachya. General Information. Symbol: ECPO3. PSEUDECHINOLAENA polystachya (Kunth) Stapf [family POACEAE], in F.T.A. 9: (); Fl. Agrost. Congo Belge 2: 74 (); Ann. list grasses Ug.:

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However, most of the species likely to be encountered in Australia are short-lived i. Review paper on weeds of concern to northern Australia. Ornithospermum Durandenot validly published.

There has been no evidence of viable seed ever being produced in Northern Territory, Australia.

International literature on German grass utilisation in rabbit feeding is very scarce, with only one relevant paper from Peru being available Pinedo Ruiz, Some of the species within this genus are millets that are grown as cereal or fodder crops. Nitrate and nitrite poisoning German grass may cause nitrate and nitrite poisoning in cattle. From Orinoco Delta, Venezuela.

Echinochloa polystachya

Echinochloa polystachya Kunth Hitchc. Leaf blades 20—60 cm long 10—25 mm wide, scabrous on the margin. Echinochloa spectabilis Nees ex Trin. The Amity cultivar was introduced into Australia in the s to improve the productivity of ponded pastures.

Weeds of Australia – Biosecurity Queensland Edition Fact Sheet

Echinochloa polystachya is an aquatic or sub-aquatic perennial with course culms 1—2. Management, Louisiana State Univ. Queensland Government, Department of primary Industries and Fisheries. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. These restrictions may prevent the use of one or more of the methods referred to, depending on individual circumstances.


The spikelets are awned, lanceolate and about mm long. German grass Echinochloa polystachyaaerial part, fresh German grass Echinochloa polystachyahay. Ligule a rim of stiff, yellow hairs to 4 mm long. Although rated as very useful fodder in the native wetlands of tropical America, it is regarded as a potential significant environmental weed in some other countries.

Scientific name

Summer growth only, no frost tolerance but often protected from overnight frosts by surrounding volume of water. Tables of chemical composition and nutritional value. Echinochloa polystachya is then considered a potential fibrous and low protein forage for rabbits. Native to swamps, lake shores and wet-lands.

It is generally protected from overnight frost by its aquatic habit Hannan-Jones et al. At present this species has only become naturalised in small areas of northern and central Queensland and the Northern Territory. Proximate composition mineral and cholesterol content of the Longissimus dorsi muscle of Criollo Limonero steers supplemented on pasture.

Grazing buffalo on flooded pastures in the Brazilian Amazon region: Echinochloa is a very widespread genus of plants in the grass family. Clinical signs of nitrate poisoning include anorexia, respiratory distress, teeth grinding, depression or hyperexcitability, tremors, abdominal contractions, salivation, nasal discharge, uncoordinated gait, cyanosis and recumbency. Melissa Collins stems and leaves Photo: However, it can be very responsive to high levels of Echijochloa fertiliser.

Preliminary evaluation of potential pathogenic fungi as bioherbicides of barnyardgrass Echinochloa crus-galli in China. University of Florida, p. Several outbreaks resulting in cattle mortality have been echinichloa in Paraiba and Rio Grande do Norte in Brazil Silva et al. Corresponding intakes for sheep increased from A searchable catalogue of grass and forage legumes.


It can grow in polystacbya up to 2 m deep and can survive up to 3 m deep for short periods. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Echinochloa. References Camarao et al. They are unbranched and rigid, and long enough to withstand flowing and rising water levels El Bassam, In particular, common barnyard grass E. Melissa Collins infestation in a wetland area Photo: It is still cultivated in ponded pastures in this region.

Plants Profile for Echinochloa polystachya (creeping river grass)

Toxic plants for livestock in the western and eastern Serido, state of Rio Grande do Norte, in the Brazilian semiarid. Utilization of four grass forage species [ Brachiaria mutica, Pennisetum purpureum, Axonopus scoparius, Echinochloa polystachya ] in rabbit feeding in the Tropic [Peru]. Beef production on Echinochloa polystachya with different stocking rates. Permanent grazing in natural wetlands or ponded pastures producing large yields of palatable fodder.

Lucia, Trinidad and Tobago. A geographical atlas of world weeds. Check our website at www. Very tolerant of poor drainage.

Introduced to northern Australia but not widespread. In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies. Wikispecies has information related to Echinochloa.

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